General Characteristics of Various NTRP Playing Levels
(Elite and former college players should view the Supplement to NTRP Guidelines for additonal information)

As of November 28, 2005, all participants declaring a self-rating must complete an online questionnaire prior to team registration. Elite and former college players do not have to complete a player history form.

This player has limited experience and is still working primarily on getting the ball into play.

This player needs on-court experience. This player has obvious stroke weaknesses but is familiar with basic positions for singles and doubles play.

This player is learning to judge where the ball is going although court coverage is weak. Can sustain a short rally of slow pace with other players of the same ability.

This player is fairly consistent when hitting medium paced shorts, but is not comfortable with all strokes and lacks execution when trying for directional control, depth, or power. Most common doubles formation is one-up, one-back.

This player has achieved improved stroke dependability with directional control on moderate shots, but still lacks depth and variety. This player exhibits more aggressive net play, has improved court coverage, and is developing teamwork in doubles.

This player has dependable strokes, including directional control and depth on both forehand and backhand sides on moderate shots, plus the ability to use lobs, overheads, approach shots and volleys with some success. This player occasionally forces errors when serving. Rallies may be lost due to impatience. Teamwork in doubles is evident.

You have developed your use of power and spin and can handle pace. You have sound footwork, can control depth of shots, and attempt to vary game plan according to your opponents. You can hit first serves with power and accuracy and place the second serve. You tend to overhit on difficult shots. Aggressive net play is common in doubles.

You have good shot anticipation and frequently have an outstanding shot or attribute around which a game may be structured. You can regularly hit winners or force errors off of short balls and can put away volleys. You can successfully execute lobs, drop shots, half volleys, overhead smashes, and has good depth and spin on most second serves.

You have mastered power and/or consistency as a major weapon. You can vary strategies and styles of play in a competitive situation and hits dependable shots in a stress situation.

You have had intensive training for national tournament competition at the junior and collegiate levels and have opbtained a sectional and/or national ranking.

You are currently playing USTA circuit events in hopes of a porfessional tennis career.

You are a world class player.

Elite and Former College Players:
Please read and follow the USTA Elite Player Self-Rating Guidelines.

Players in Wheelchairs:
Players in wheelchairs should use these same general characteristics to determine their NTRP skill level. The only difference observed is mobility and power on the serve based on the severity of the injury. The very best World Class players in wheelchairs have an NTRP rating in the low 4.5 range.

Supplement to the NTRP Guidelines

More detailed playing level characteristics can be found on NTRP Specific Characteristics on


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